You are bound to know some different horse breeds if you are a rider. You would probably know even more about horse breeding if you have your own horses. Even if you are just a horse fan, learning a little about horse breeding may make you more interested. Here are some things you should know.
Humans and Horses It is important to first understand how the relationship between men and horses began before you try to learn horse breeds. Believe it or not, horses first became valuable to humans because they produced milk and could be eaten. Later on, however, humans realised that horses were strong and fast and began to use them to carry or draw loads and as a mode of transportation.
Now, horses are no longer just used to do labors. Rather, they are more often kept for sports or leisure riding. Hence, people are breeding horses to serve the different needs by human beings. Breeding Horses In order for the new-born horses to carry certain traits, breeders usually need to select specific male and female horses with the desired characteristics to mate.
With the success of purposeful breeding, more horses are now bred in planned ways to meet specific needs. A widely known example is the racing horses. In fact, there are different registries around the world that document the various horse breeds.
It might be boring for an average person to learn the different horse breeds, but this is not the case for horse lovers. This is especially true for someone who is fond of horse racing or simply would like to get himself a horse. Often, knowing the breed of your horse would tell you what the horse is capable of doing and whether its price is truly justified. Horse Species Despite the vast number of horse breeds, horses are generally placed under three main groups - pony, light, and heavy horses.
The smallest kind of horses are known to us as ponies. As they are so small, some would even not consider them horses at all. Even so, ponies can be as hardy as other horses. Some breeds can carry adult riders and pull heavy loads. Because of their size and mild nature, ponies are often kept as pets by children. Examples of pony breeds are the Shetland and Welsh ponies.
Light horses are also strong like ponies but they are definitely taller, faster and have a sleeker look. Most light horses are used for riding and racing. In some cases, breeds of this kind also help with cattle rounding and carriage pulling. Examples of light horse breeds are Arabian, Thoroughbred, Appaloosa, Quarter Horse, Morgan and Standardbred. There are also horses that are considered heavy horses like the Percheron and Lipizzaner breeds.
You can well imagine these breeds as the preferred horses of ancient and medieval warriors. The horses had the power and mettle to carry men into battle. Of course, heavy horses were also preferred for heavy work in barns and farms. Keep in mind that even within the same group, different horse breeds can carry very different traits. Hence, it is always important to understand what sets your horse breed apart from the rest.
We have only covered some basic areas of different horse breeds, and you can learn more about horse breeding from our online guide. You may also wish to view some fun horse videos when you are there. Have fun!